Conquerors – How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire

I have read Conquerors – How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire by Roger Crowley. First and foremost, I can definitely recommend the book. It is well-written and exciting. Below are some interesting insights I thought to share. I recommend reading this article prior to (or after) listening to Podcast Episode 12. The Greatest Glory (available on Patreon, SubscribeStar, and Gumroad). Pictured below: yours truly in Lisbon in 2016.

Striking Back

Understanding Portuguese actions in the Indian Ocean and North Africa can only be done when looking at the nation’s most recent history. Portugal, like the various Spanish kingdoms, had long suffered under Muslim occupation. A common misconception is that a golden age occurred during this time, this is thoroughly debunked in the book The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise by Dario Fernandez-Morera. This had two effects on the Portuguese psyche – they were battle-hardened and they were driven, to a large extent, by an ethno-religious hostility towards Muslims.

Another aspect to keep in mind is that slavers from the Barbary Coast raided the coasts of Western Europe. Thus, the threat from the south did not end with the conclusion of the Reconquista. For a brief overview of the Reconquista in video format, you can watch my video The Visigoths and the Reconquista.

Between 1801 and 1805, the United States, Sweden, and Sicily fought the Barbary Wars against the corsairs. This was the first United States military land action overseas. The brutal slaver raids from the Barbary corsairs did not end until the French conquest of North Africa in 1830.

Although the author does not go into length about the transgressions being done to the Portuguese, he acknowledges that a long-standing rivalry between the Portuguese and various Muslim nations had an effect on Portuguese fervour in the fighting against other Muslims in the Indian Ocean.

Prince Henry the Navigator

Henrique, more commonly known as Henry the Navigator, was a key individual in facilitating the Age of Exploration. He was also a warrior prince of note – he was 21 years of age when he accompanied his father King João and his brothers in the conquest of the Moorish port of Ceuta in 1415.

His mother was English and he was cousin to the great Henry V, most famous for his heroic triumph at Agincourt. Perhaps his Norman blood fuelled his desire for glory! Although the desire for glory and honour was not confined to the royal family…

Gold and Glory

In understanding the daring voyages done by the Portuguese, there are two aspects to highlight. They happen to be the same as for many other cultures – the Norsemen of the Viking Age to name one. Gold is easy to understand, the search for another way to India (to avoid the Ottomans and Mamluks in the east) was the primary catalyst for the first voyages. The successful voyages to the east brought power, prestige and splendour back to Portugal. Lisbon rose greatly in prominence as a result.

The yearn for glory is easy to understand for those who understand the essence of glory. Being the first to discover new lands, to conquer, to show one’s qualities, was a great motivating factor – as it has always been for high-thumos men. The search for new trade routes may have been the catalyst for the Age of Exploration, but the fuel for the explorers’ ambitions was a great desire for glory.

A good quote about glory can be found in an interview with the late, and great, French historian Dominique Venner in regard to the Iliad.

“He sings about bravery and cowardice, friendship, love, and tenderness. Of the need for glory that pulls men up to the height of the gods.”

Dominique Venner

The need for glory that pulls men up to the heights of the gods is a profound passage that can explain many a valiant action throughout history. It can certainly go a long way to explain the valour and bravery of the Portuguese.

Chivalry and Honour

Chivalry and honour are concepts closely related to a worldview based on the yearn for glory. Chivalry was still a prominent feature in Europe at the time. Again, Henry the Navigator was the cousin of England’s Henry V, and for these Norman royals, chivalry was a defining characteristic.

The Portuguese were so driven by honour that they, on at least one occasion as detailed in the book, neglected to sink an enemy ship with their superior fire-power, in favour of taking the ship in melee combat. The author also mentions that the berserker mentality and courage of the Portuguese made discipline harder, but served them well anyway in the type of warfare that took place in the Indian Ocean at the time. The aggression and bravery of the Portuguese gave them a fearsome reputation.

“Glory came from individual courage, hand-to-hand fighting and the winning of booty.”

Roger Crowley

The Portuguese were also devout men who believed in their divine mission to conquer in the name of their king and in the name of God. As mentioned above, the religious aspect of the warfare (likened to a crusade) is not to be underestimated. So, just as the desire for glory, faith was also an important fuel for their conquests.

Here lies
Dom Francisco de Almeida
Viceroy of India
Who never lied or fled.


To never lie and to never flee. Noble principles of chivalry and honour to live by.

Villainous Venice

For anyone familiar with the disastrous Fourth Crusade, which ultimately led to the sack of the glorious city of Constantinople in 1204, it is clear that the Venetians had a tarnished reputation in the eyes of many. In this book, the author describes the various attempts by the Venetians to stifle Portuguese access to the lucrative spice-trade. The Venetians had long enjoyed a dominant position in regard to the east-ward trade. Thus, they saw the Portuguese expansion as a threat to their own wealth and power. They even sought to work with the Mamluks of Egypt to hinder the Portuguese. In order to not bring the scandal of working with the Egyptian Mamluk sultan to light, the Venetians had to keep their dealings as discreet as possible.

The Mamluk dynasty came to an end in 1516 when they were conquered by the great rising power of the day – the Ottoman Empire. Although the Portuguese were better fighters than the Ottomans, the latter proved to be a tougher enemy than the Mamluks that had faced them when they first came to the Indian Ocean.

The author, Roger Crowley, has written a book about Venice as well, perhaps I must read it and find a way to present the city in a better light!

“A very white and beautiful people, who wear hats and boots of iron and never stop in one place.”

Sinhalese description of the Portuguese

Spice Trade and Inspiration

On a personal note, I get motivation when reading about spices routes and exotic trading posts. My aesthetic motivation for the Golden Coffee Company is the East India Companies of the 18th century. So, even if those voyages were undertaken later than the Portuguese era of exploration, I still get the same good vibes when reading about it. When I drink coffee, I always view it as a colonial luxury (which it is). If you decide to try the Golden Coffee Company gourmet coffee, I recommend accompanying the coffee with some fine chocolate for an optimal experience. The gourmet coffee is available for Swedish customers here:, for European customers here:, and soon for American customers here:


Reading about the valour of heroic and daring men is inspiring. This book contains many more interesting insights and stories than I have highlighted here and in the Podcast episode. I will probably return to the topic in coming posts. Again, I can recommend the book. Reading history is both important to understand the world and to get some perspective upon our own time.

Statement on the Legio Gloria Instagram Removal

Note: if you are subscribed to my YouTube channel, be sure to subscribe to my Odysee channel as well, should something happen to the YouTube channel I will continue to upload videos here:$/invite/@thegoldenone:a

Yesterday, to our horror, the Legio Gloria Instagram account was removed – just as with my personal account, no warning or reason was given.

Since January, I did not even run the Legio Gloria account myself, and the account only featured clothing and supporters wearing Legio Gloria clothes. Being attacked on a financial level is vile in a special way, but I have come to expect nothing less from the honour-less regime.

The sight of so many good-looking, healthy, young European men must really have made their blood boil – remember, as I have said before, they want you to be docile and submissive slaves, I want you to be forces of nature. This is what was being presented on the Legio Gloria account, completely unpolitical, yet a message that goes completely against their designs.

What is next?

With or without an Instagram account, Legio Gloria will continue its ascent. We just had a great release of various garments (which can be seen here: Legio Gloria New Releases), and we have more high quality garments incoming. This will be the subject for another article, but here is a hint of things to come:

  • Wool garments
  • Underwear in organic cotton (loose fitting)
  • More shirts and polo shirts
  • Garments containing silk
  • More t-shirts and hoodies with new designs

Stay tuned! Big things to come. The Primordial Beast demands organic clothing!

A last note

To end with a positive note, a Flemish friend just sent me a picture of one of his best friends proposing to his girlfriend (she said yes) whilst wearing the Celestial Blue Men’s Shirt. It put me in a better mode.

If you are still on Instagram, be sure to follow the back-up account:

We are currently looking for a reasonable alternative to Instagram (i.e. a photography based platform).

Updates on Legio Gloria will be shared to my other channels:




You can also sign up for the Legio Gloria Newsletter:

The Great Legio Gloria Summer Release

Behold! The greatest Legio Gloria release to date. There are many new garments, so let’s get straight into it. The one you see above is one that has been in the making for a long time. The Celestial Blue Men’s Shirt is a classic shirt that fits most occasions, either on its own or together with a blazer. The cut is fitted.

All new releases are proudly made in Poland. Moreover, as I have mentioned before, these new releases have been made possible by the success of previous releases. So, I want to aim a shout-out to all loyal Legio Gloria enjoyers!

Celestial Blue Men’s Shirt

Polo Shirts in Organic Cotton

These two classics are back, Burgundy Polo Shirt and Imperial Polo Shirt. This time in organic cotton and with a cut that is more spacious around the shoulders. Most Legio Gloria guys like their shoulder-presses, so the new cut was necessary! Note: organic cotton is a quite sensitive fabric, so make sure to not wash them in a higher temperature than 30 degrees Celsius.

Thor and Jörmungand – Swimming Shorts

The iconic clash between Thor and Jörmungand – the Midgard Serpent – from Nordic mythology. I asked my designer, Paszkal to simply make an epic artwork that suited a pair of swimming shorts. The result is highly epic in my humble opinion. These fit like regular swimming shorts, and have a cut at the side for better flexibility. I am looking forward to seeing many aesthetic physique posts in these!

Gym Tanktops + Belt Bag

Lacedaemon’s Fitted Tanktop

Lacedaemon’s Fitted Tanktop has the same cut as Saturnus’ Fitted Tanktop (the navy version). This model is an altered version of one of the oldest Legio Gloria garments (dating back to 2017).
Lacedaemon was a mythical king of Laconia and son of Zeus in Greek mythology. He was the father of King Amyclas of Sparta and Queen Eurydice of Argos.

Odin’s Berserker- Tanktop

Odin’s Berserker- Tanktop also has the same cut, but with a different design.
The symbol is inspired by the Vendel-era Torslunda helmet, which was found on the Swedish island Öland (located in the sacred Baltic Sea).The runes say Legio Gloria.

The Belt Bag of the Ages is a completely new item to the webshop. Belt bags have been requested, and I have wanted one myself (for having when the pockets are not enough). The design is beautiful in its simplicity – black with a golden embroidery.

Gundobad’s Burgundy Sweater

As seen in my latest Gains Kitchen video, a burgundy sweater is now included in the collection. 
Gundobad (452 – 516 AD) was king of the Burgundians, hence the name! 

All new releases are available here:

Sun and Steel – Yukio Mishima

I have read Yukio Mishima’s classic, Sun and Steel. Below are some interesting insights I found in the book. This is the first book by Mishima I read, and thus, these are only my first impressions of his writings. Should I read more of his books, I might return to the subject with a deeper analysis. With that being said, let us delve into the book!

The Body as a Garden

Mishima refers to the body as a garden surrounding the self. It is common to hear references to the body as a temple, but this is the first time I heard it referred to as a garden. In the opening page of the book, he observes that he could either cultivate the garden (sculpt a glorious physique), or leave it for the weeds to take over (accept physical decadence). It is a quite aesthetically pleasing mental image!

Cynicism and Hero Worship

The most profound quote found in the book is one I have stumbled upon before (or at least the first part of it).

The cynicism that regards hero worship as comical is always shadowed by a sense of physical inferiority. Invariably, it is the man who believes himself to be physically lacking in heroic attributes who speaks mockingly of the hero.

Yukio Mishima

Anyone who has, in some capacity, been involved in political or philosophical discussions will know the truth of this statement. Irony is often used as a shield to hide behind for those without the guts to truly stand for something (except for whatever the mainstream culture tells them). Perhaps hero worship per se is not as common today, but the same can be said about the bugman’s criticism of traditional values.

My own personal experiences are congruent with this. My supporters are, in basically all cases, jacked and good looking. My detractors (whenever I have seen how they look) are, in basically all cases, deformed in some way. This might sound a bit arrogant, but it is simply the truth.

Romantic Death and a Heroic Physique

A powerful, tragic frame and sculpturesque muscles were indispensable in a romantically noble death. Any confrontation between weak, flabby flesh and death seemed to me absurdly inappropriate.

Yukio Mishima

This is an important quote to understand Mishima’s view of the importance of a heroic physique. In regard to death, there is an interesting interview (Yukio Mishima on WWII and Death) where he expresses his fear of dying an unromantic death by disease. Mishima would not die of disease, but would commit ritual suicide (seppuku) after a failed coup in 1970.

As I mentioned in my Podcast Episode 11. Demigod Mentality (which I highly recommend listening to, either before or after reading this article), my own perspective when it comes to an aesthetic physique is that it should be suitable to represent the ancient European ideals of the classical hero (or even a Nordic or Greek god). It is quite simple, if I (in this case) am to extoll the virtues of training hard and living a healthy life, I simply must be healthy myself. So, just as Mishima viewed it absurdly inappropriate to meet a romantically noble death with an un-aesthetic physique, so do I view it inappropriate to champion a certain lifestyle without emulating it myself.

Mishima on Action and Art

Mishima talks about action and art, and the balance between the two. He refers to the sword as the flower of physical perfection, and the literary principle as its opposite. The flower of action perishes with the blossom, whereas literature is an imperishable flower. This is connected to the aforementioned romantic death.

These thoughts reminded me of two things. First and foremost, about the destiny of Achilles, who had the choice of a short, but glorious life, or a long life without renown.

Secondly, they remind me of what Jonathan Bowden referred to as Lord Byron’s Cultured Thug, which is an ideal of someone who possesses both cognitive and physical prowess.

Mishima describes his own ideal style (in terms of personal aesthetics) in a poetically beautiful way.

My ideal style would have had the grave beauty of polished wood in the entrance hall of a samurai mansion on a winter’s day.

Yukio Mishima

Sun and Night

Mishima contrasts the day versus the night. He mentions his own dusky and dark room full of books, and that his mental starting position was one of the night. But, as he contemplated the matter further, he came to the conclusion that those who indulged in nocturnal thought were physically unimpressive, lacking the power and vitality he craved. Thus, he gravitated to the sun (as opposed to the night).

This reminds me of the contrast (popularised by Nietzsche) between Apollo (god of light) and Dionysus (god of wine). Apollo, in this sense, represents order, discipline, and the sun. Dionysus, in this sense, represents chaos, debauchery, and the night. Much more can be said about the relationship between the Apollonian and Dionysian aspects of men. A wise man I met in America a few years back said that he was Apollo every day of the month except one. On that one day, he let his Dionysian spirit come to life (in celebrations with his social group). It stuck with me, especially since the man who shared it with me is an impressive individual.

I mention this since most readers of this article might be more in tune with Apollo (I certainly am), but even for us, it might be good to not completely neglect Dionysus. This will be a topic for a coming podcast.

It is easier to understand that Mishima’s starting position was one closer to the night when keeping in mind that he was, first and foremost, an author and a poet. The sun and the steel came to him later in life. One could argue that many artists are closer to nocturnal Dionysus than to daybreak Apollo.

The Teachings of the Steel

Mishima connects the physical attributes of the body to the metaphysical attributes of the spirit. Feeble emotions correspond with flaccid muscles. And a muscular and fit body corresponds with an intrepid fighting spirit. Although this is, generally speaking, true, I must point out that there are plenty of muscular, strong, and fit guys who are, when push comes to shove, cowards. That being said, a healthy soul exists in a healthy body.

A certain body allows for a certain way of thinking. The way you view yourself influences the way you view the world (as I talked in the previously mentioned Podcast episode). Politics is biology, changing people’s political views is easier if they have a corresponding biology. A man lacking in the necessary physical requirements will be harder to convert to a righteous way of thinking. Adequate levels of testosterone are related to a stronger sense of justice (to give one example). A low-testosterone man might thus gravitate more towards left-wing thought. It is well known that right-wing men possess more physical strength than left-wing men.

Mishima also notes that the teachings of the steel are akin to a classical education, with the focus on progressively adding weight (or knowledge in the case of an education).

My own thoughts on the teachings of the steel (or in my case iron) will be familiar for those who have read Dauntless.

The Iron is truth in its purest form; it cannot lie. 200 kg will always be 200 kg. If you are weak; if you have failed to prepare properly, the Iron will not show any sympathy. If you are strong; if you have taken adequate measures of preparation, you will be rewarded accordingly.

Dauntless – Marcus Follin

In my work, I have always used Iron to refer to weight-training (The Temple of Iron = the gym), Mishima is using Steel for the same purpose. In purely aesthetic terms, Sun and Steel sounds better than Sun and Iron. So, I endorse the use of steel in this context. Moreover, it might be worth pointing out that I am currently rewriting Dauntless (as mentioned in this video).

Additional Note. I received this message from a supporter living in Japan (thank you, T)!

Hey Marcus,
I thought you might be interested to know that while the English translation of the book is Sun and Steel, the original Japanese title is
; 太陽と鉄. The character ‘鉄’ actually meansIron’ and notSteel’, which is of course a different word,‘. As you mentioned in your article, I imagine that the word Steel was chosen purely for its euphony. Furthermore, the original title is pronounced Taiyo to Tetsu, and the translation Sun and Steel does a good job of capturing the original title’s alliteration.


At 100 pages, Sun and Steel is a quick, albeit complex, read. Certain passages might have to be re-read to capture the essence of Mishima’s thoughts. It bears pointing out that the book was originally written in Japanese, thus, certain nuances might have been lost when it was translated into English. It should also be pointed out that the book is beautifully written, as one would except from a true poet, with many immersive passages. I enjoyed reading it and can recommend it to anyone interested in the topics mentioned above.

Below are two videos which Mishima might have looked upon approvingly! I thought to include them should you be unaware of my own artistic work.

5 Reasons to Wear Linen – the Fabric of the Gods

Linen is a clothing fabric that has stood the test of time. Beloved since time immemorial, it now makes a triumphant return. Below are five good reasons to wear linen. For a more health-oriented list, check out this article as well:

1. Organic Fabric

If you want to wear as much organic material as possible, linen is a great choice. Organic materials such as linen, wool, and cotton are recommended fabrics if you want to limit your skin’s exposure to synthetic materials. In certain situations, such as when training MMA and grappling, it may be suitable to wear synthetics (polyester for rashguards etc.), but otherwise it is advisable to opt for organic fabrics.

2. Ancient European Garment

Legio Gloria linen garments are made in the ancient and heroic nation of Lithuania. All Legio Gloria clothes are made in Europe, which means that the products are made according to certain standards, and by people who receive a fair wage. The same cannot be said about clothing made in the Third World, where production standards are not regulated, and where the sweatshop workers are, most likely, not receiving a fair wage.

Moreover, Baltic linen has a long and illustrious history. During the Middle Ages linen was traded by the powerful Hanseatic League. The Hanseatic League was a trading league consisting of cities connected to the Baltic and the North Sea. Linen has been found in Swiss lake dwellings dating back to as early as 8000 BC. Linen garments have also been found in ancient Egyptian tombs. Epic!

3. Stylish Yet Comfortable

Linen is, as the title above suggests, both stylish and comfortable. Wearing linen is thus suitable when you want to wear a shirt, but at the same time be a bit more relaxed and casual. The only downside to linen is that it gets easily wrinkled, but since this is common knowledge, it will not make a linen shirt appear untidy. Moreover, linen as a fabric will look good even if it is a bit wrinkly (one could even say it is part of the charm!).

4. Perfect in Warm Weather

Just as wool keeps you warm and dry in cold and wet weather, so does linen keep you cool and fresh in warm weather. Linen as a fabric is both strong and breathable, this makes it ideal to wear during summer. Moreover, since the linen is breathable, it doesn’t allow moisture to build up, which makes it harder for bacteria to grow. So, if you have a sensitive skin, linen may alleviate certain symtoms.

So, if you intend to embark upon an expedition to an exotic destination, be sure to bring some linen garments.

5. Durability

Linen is known as the world’s strongest natural fiber and is more durable than cotton. Linen garments will serve you faithfully for a long time, if treated with care. Make sure to not wash it temperatures above 30 degrees Celsius. Treat the linen with care and it will reward you with loyalty!

The Lilac Linen Shirt, Atlantis Linen Shirt, and the Hyperborean Man Summer – Linen Trousers are available on the Legio Gloria webshop: Some more aesthetic garments will arrive soon as well, so stay tuned!

Hyperborean Linen Trousers – Health Advice – Bogomils – France – Podcast

I posted the following for this week’s Fizeek Friday over at Gab. I mentioned the term BogomilMAXXing in the latest Podcast episode as well as in my latest video on Odysee (which can be seen here).

BogomilMAXX for regime change

Summer is incoming and many of us are aiming to get shredded. In order to get shredded, you can BogomilMAXX, which simply means to start fasting and to limit your intake of refined sugar.

  • Intermittent fasting. Easy to incorporate into your life. Simply limit your intake of food to 12:00-20:00 (or an eating window of similar length). I have a black coffee in the morning (gourmet coffee – Kongo Mörkrost).
  • Limit your intake of refined sugar. Easier said than done, but whenever you feel the urge to consume sugary things, just imagine the disproving gaze of a benevolent Bogomil priest.
    I say refined sugar, because there is a great difference (health-wise) between things containing refined sugar and foods that have naturally occurring sugar (fruits, milk etc.).

Pictured (the header picture in this article): current form, about two weeks into the summer cut. I have implemented the changes above. Although, due to a lack of Bogomil priests nearby, I have still consumed some pastries and chocolates (alongside my afternoon/PWO coffee).

Additional note: What does -MAXXing mean? It simply means to do something a lot. EggMAXXing = eating plenty of eggs. SunMAXXing = being out a lot in the sun. Why do I use such terminology when I otherwise try to perfect my language? Because it is fun, and memes are powerful.

Hyperborean Man Summer – Linen Trousers

I am extremely happy to announce the Hyperborean Man Summer – Linen Trousers. As I have said before, the success of previous releases has allowed us to take the clothing to the next level. With more resources to develop new products, we aim for the heavens. More linen, more wool, more organic cotton, more stylish clothes.

A pair of aesthetically pleasing and supremely comfortable linen trousers. Perfect for warm summer days, either basking in the sun at a café or when out exploring and looking for the lost civilisation of Atlantis.

Linen has been a beloved fabric in Europe since time immemorial. During the Middle Ages, the Hanseatic League traded linen from Lithuania. We aim to continue this fine tradition.

The garment is made out of 100% linen and is made in Lithuania. Available here:

France – The Pinnacle of Civilisation

In my latest Podcast episode (Episode 9. The Pinnacle of Civilisation – France), I mentioned that I might have been wrong in naming Sweden as the Pinnacle of Civilisation. It is true that Sweden, as a society, reached a high point last century, and has a long and glorious history. However, when viewing the matter from a deeper historical perspective, it is more reasonable to give that title to France.

One could argue that the title should fall to Germany, Spain or Great Britain (among others). All three are indeed worthy contenders. That being said, France has, arguably, been the most admired country of all. How do you determine admiration? True admiration can be found in who you want to emulate. As Bronze Age Pervert correctly pointed out in a recent Caribbean Rhythms episode, Paris has always been the capital that other nations sought to model their own cities after. Alas, today Paris is rather used as a warning example. So, the title of Pinnacle of Civilisation should be viewed in a historical context.

If you haven’t already listened to Podcast Episode 9, I might point out that the entire episode is not about the historical grandeur of France, but more so about Cathars and Christian sects. You can read more about the Cathars here (Lucifer’s Court) and here (Crusade Against the Grail).

On a personal level, I am a great admirer of Imperial Spain (the same is true for Great Britain and Germany). If you want to give your mind a high and healthy dose of European aesthetics, there are plenty of places around Madrid to visit. One such place, which I have visited twice (2018 and 2019), is San Ildefonso. Along with a beautiful palace and garden, it contains plenty of statues of Greek gods.

I made two videos featuring Spanish aesthetics (follow the links to watch on Odysee):
The Golden One in Iberia – Admiration of Epic Statues and Training in Nature
Neo-Visigothic Calisthenics and Iberian Exploration Session of Helios

Moreover, it is important for me to point out that my love for Sweden is not lessened in anyway by my admiration of other nations. On the contrary, I express admiration for other because of a high sense of self-esteem, both on a personal and national level. Certain people venerate others because they feel bad about themselves, and they denigrate themselves. Not so here!

Lastly, I might add that the 19th and 20th century focus the nation is quite outdated in our current predicament. Thus, it is more reasonable to talk in terms of bioculture and civilisation (as I elaborated on in Podcast Episode 7. Europa).

Crusade Against the Grail by Otto Rahn

I have read Crusade Against the Grail by Otto Rahn. It was first published in 1933 as Kreuzzug gegen den Gral. Since I already read Rahn’s second book, Lucifer’s Court (review here, I recommend you to read that first), I thought it was reasonable to read his first book as well.

Just as I noted in my review of Lucifer’s Court, Crusade Against the Grail should not necessarily be read as a historically accurate description of the cultures and events of Southern France during the Middle Ages. That being said, the book is beautifully written. Even translated into English and read almost a century after its release, it still evokes appealing images of the sun-drenched Occitan country-side.

An interesting fact is the following: after releasing Crusade Against the Grail, Rahn was offered 1000 Reichsmark per month by Heinrich Himmler to write a sequel. This is interesting because of the way Rahn portrays the Cathars. Rahn juxtaposes the Occitan (Cathar) religious tolerance against the intolerance and brutality of the Catholic Church. As noted in my previous article, Rahn eventually grew disillusioned by what he saw as an increased intolerance in Germany. It is clear that he greatly valued the tolerant attitudes of the Cathars.

The God Amor

In my review of Lucifer’s Court, and in a recent Fizeek Friday post, I included an inspiring quote describing a god. That god appears in a passage here as well:

An elegant and strong knight approached on horseback. Blond hair fell on his bronzed face, and his clear eyes glistened. The smile of his mouth revealed mother-of-pearl teeth. […]
“Piere Vidal,” said the knight, “you should know that I am Amor, and my Lady is called Grace. Her lady-in-waiting and my servant are Modesty and Loyalty.”

In Lucifer’s Court, this god is Lucifer himself, and Loyalty is his paladin. Since having a paladin named Loyalty is more epic than having a servant, I will keep the Lucifer’s Court version in mind. Peire Vidal was a renowned Occitan troubadour and poet.

A Golden Renaissance

In the Translator’s Foreword chapter of the book, Christopher Jones points out that Rahn yearned for a golden renaissance of traditional values based on the unity of France and Germany under neo-Cathar beliefs. I, Marcus, also yearn for a golden renaissance and a closer unity between France and Germany. And, as I discussed in Podcast Episode 7. Europa, a closer unity between all European countries. In contrast to Rahn, however, I am not a proponent of Catharism.

The Pure Ones

The Cathar Pure Ones promised to dedicate themselves to God and His Gospel, never to lie, never to take an oath, never to have any contact with a woman, never to kill an animal, never to eat any meat, and to feed themselves only with fruits. In fact, during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries any Christian that abstained from meat was suspected of Cathar heresy.

Even if Rahn succeeds in presenting the Cathars in a favourable light, it becomes clear that their teachings are not to be recommended.

  1. For optimal health and happiness, eating meat is good. Meat is a superfood.
  2. Being intimate with your wife is good. That being said, it is recommended to practice semen retention (more on that in a coming article, video or podcast).
  3. Although fruits are delicious and are beneficial to eat prior to prayers in the Temple of Iron, your diet should be centred around meats, eggs and dairy. Fruits can be seen as a complement to your diet.

Moreover, the Cathars viewed the celestial Minne as the original love, and that it had nothing to do with the Earthly love that procreates human beings. Another aspect of Cathar belief was the longing for the next life, and the view of this world as Hell. Both of these attitudes go against the original European Pagan life-affirming attitude to intimacy and the world.

The Pathway of the Pure Ones

The Pathway of the Pure Ones starts out from Olmés, borders Montségur, and passes over the summit of the Tabor. Finally, it reaches the caves of Sabarthés, the last home of the Cathars. Once there, so far from the world, they meditated upon the supreme Minne in a trance-like state.

That sounds like an excellent travel destination for any esoterically minded modern knight. Minne (not to be confused with the Scandinavian word for memory) is another word for the notion of Medieval courtly love. Minne, like chivalry, was a large part of the troubadour culture.

The Crusade Against the Cathars

It must be stated that the crusades against the Cathars were, in no uncertain terms, a horrific affair, as was the persecution of the Cathars. There is a satisfying passage in the book, where Rahn retells the story of how a group of Occitan knights ambushed and killed a group of inquisitors.

The title of the book itself, The Crusade Against the Grail, refers to the grail as a sacred symbol of the Cathars. Rahn also believed that the Cathars hid the grail in the mountains of Southern France during the crusade. He believed that he could find the grail by using Wolfram von Eschenbach’s Parzival as a guide, just as German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann had located ancient Troy using the Iliad. Rahn’s search for the grail is a main theme of Lucifer’s Court.

On a somewhat related note, when reading about the brutality of the Albigensian Crusade (Cathar Crusade), it becomes easier to understand that the Bosnian Bogomils (another Christian heresy) were inclined to convert to Islam to gain the protection of the powerful Ottomans against the Catholic Church. That being said, today’s Bosnia would be better served by renouncing Islam in favour of another religion. It is the only way they can be closer to their European neighbours (I will talk more about Bosnia in a coming Podcast episode).

In conclusion, I do not necessarily recommend the book, but, just as I mentioned above, I wanted to read both of Rahn’s books.

Header picture: the book alongside a cup of gourmet coffee and some dark chocolate (with sea salt). Golden Coffee Company gourmet coffee is available for European customers here, and for Swedish customers here. Picture above: yours truly in San Ildefonso, Spain.

Fizeek Friday Wisdom – No Access to Gym

Originally posted to Gab for Fizeek Friday: original post.



I do not post physique from the Temple of Iron, but from another form of training. This is the wisdom of the week:

What to do if you can’t access the gym? And what do you do when you have suboptimal conditions for a gym session (i.e. bad sleep, bad diet etc.)?

  1. If you, for whatever reason, have decided to not pray in the Temple of Iron, you can always go for a nice forest walk. Pictured: me checking in from such a walk, chewing on four mastic gums, listening to a podcast (in this case Caribbean Rhythms).
  2. Either you train something lighter, doing complementary bodybuilding exercises, or you go for a walk.

If you know you can’t perform well enough, it is better to save that session for when you are adequately prepared. Say you are following The Primordial Beast’s Hypertrophy Plan, which I wrote for the Physique Manufactorum a while back, or Smolov JR for the benchpress, you simply need to have a good night’s sleep behind you. You also need to have eaten well before, otherwise you will most likely not be able to finish the session. Should you be able to finish the session even when having slept and eaten poorly, you need to increase the weights for your coming sessions.

Remember; to put on mass (as a natural), you need to get stronger in the main compound movements. Progression over a long period of time is the key. If you can’t perform well enough a certain day; postpone the session.

Aux Armes garment for +10 in Thumos and Motivation. Organic cotton, made in Poland:

Redeeming Lucifer – Book Review

I have read Redeeming Lucifer by Swedish historian and author Lennart Svensson. The title caught my attention, especially since I was intrigued by Otto Rahn’s Lucifers Court, which I made a book review on (available here). Redeeming Lucifer is a fictional work with plenty of esoteric and spiritual themes. Without giving too much away, the main plot is that the protagonist must find and redeem Lucifer (by meeting him and praying for him) in order to bring harmony to the world.

I enjoyed the book. It is well written, immersive, and, as mentioned above, contains interesting esoteric themes. The protagonist of the book, Carl Griffensteen, is a Finland Swede (finlandssvensk in Swedish), and an officer in the Russian army during the Romanian campaign of 1917. During the campaign, he is visited by an angel named Pelagion who invites him to a holy quest in The Land. The Land is a parallel, spiritual world that is a projection of one’s own mind. He is joined in The Land by a trusted companion named Ivan.

In order to reach Lucifer to redeem him (and to make him renounce his vicious ways), Carl needs to muster an army of Light to defeat the army of Darkness that stands in his way. To achieve victory, Carl and Ivan must recruit both historical and mythological heroes. The army of Darkness consists of infamous villains, also both taken from history and myth.

Among the villains of the Dark side we find, among others: Mordred (who killed King Arthur), Ganelon (He is based upon the historical archbishop Wenilo who betrayed King Charles the Bald in 858), Benedict Arnold (a betrayer of the Americans during the American Revolution), and Didrik Slagheck (a villainous Danish bishop involved in the Stockholm Bloodbath, which is an event I will cover in a coming Odysee video).

Among the heroes of the Light side we find, among others: Tannhäuser (a mythologized medieval German Minnesänger and poet. I will write more about ‘Minne‘ in my next article on Otto Rahn’s studies), Odysseus (who needs little introduction for any true cultured thug), Aenas (a mythological Trojan hero and ancestor to Romulus and Remus),

Having historical and mythical characters appear in the book in this way is a great example on how to make a fictional book educational. Definitely a nice touch!

Whenever I read a book, I am always on the lookout for epic quotes to share. I found a quite memorable passage that I thought would be appropriate to share:

How should one act?

Do what feels right.

How does one counter feelings of helplessness?

Man is helpless only if he sees himself as helpless.

Where is this all leading?

There is only here and now.

What can we do without?

Our sense of inferiority.

Another legendary hero that appears in the book is Carl Gustaf Mannerheim. Mannerheim is, arguably, Finland’s greatest man of all time. He actually started his career in the Russian army. He fought in the Russo-Japanese War 1904-1905 and would later lead the Whites in the Finnish Civil War against the Reds (Communists). He would also lead Finland against the Soviets during the Second World War.

Interesting to note is that Mannerheim participated in the Great Game (read my review of Peter Hopkirk’s The Great Game here). He was asked by General Staff of Tsar Nicholas II to undertake a journey through Turkestan to Beijing as a secret intelligence officer disguised as an ethnographer (as was often the case for Russian and British officers). The purpose of the journey was to investigate potential invasion routes into western China.

Perhaps Mannerheim is a suitable topic for a coming Podcast episode (his story is certainly too long to cover here).

Speaking of the Podcast, I have many episodes planned. One of them is about affirmations and the importance of visualising things. I mention this here since a major theme of the book is the relationship between the interior (mind) and the exterior (the outer world). An interesting and important topic indeed.

Lastly, I might add that I have read another book from the author: Ett Rike Utan Like, which is a book about the history of Sweden. It is in Swedish and a book I can also recommend.

In conclusion, Redeeming Lucifer is a good book that I can recommend. At around 200 pages it is easy to read through, in case you have many books on your to-read-list (which I always have).

Update on Odysee and YouTube

Salutations! This is a quick update on the video production. I haven’t been so active as of late due to other commitments. That being said, I will get back to my usual video frequency come May. May as in Mayhem! It is a month I have always associated with a high pace. I will continue to post videos to YouTube, but I will make exclusive content for Odysee.

Generally speaking, the future of YouTube does not look so bright, at least not for independent content creators. YouTube is getting ever more geared towards big corporations, which is both lamentable and understandable. However, on a more positive note, I am excited about both Odysee and 3Speak.

If you haven’t already signed up to Odysee, I encourage you to do so now:$/invite/@thegoldenone:a. A great feature of Odysee is that you can repost videos from other channels. This makes it easier for supporters to access all content in one place. As you can see below, my appearances on Guide to Kulchur (DECAMERON) and The Bog both appear on my channel. I have also reposted Camp of Saints by Elessar and Xurious (great track) and a video from Asha Logos (who does great videos). So, if you haven’t checked those videos out, you can do so on my Odysee channel.

3Speak is a part of the Hive network (as are PeakD and Ecency). Hive is a highly interesting (decentralised) initiative that I will promote later on. As of late, I have promoted Odysee, Gab and Minds quite hard, so I need to wait a while until I can promote more social media sites. 3Speak is the video platform of the network. It looks and feels really good, you can check out my channel here: Odysee will be my primary video platform moving forward, but 3Speak is an interesting alternative. I am also keeping my eyes open for other platforms of the Hive network. Exciting times!

Moreover, I just released Podcast Episode 8. Balkanization, where I discuss the future of Europe and America. The episode is available here: and here: Sharing my thoughts in a podcast feels great. I don’t have to censor myself and I don’t have to keep it short.

Lastly, on a somewhat unrelated note, the supremely aesthetic Lir’s Merino Wool Sweater (seen in the header picture) may be back come autumn. What I can say with certainty, though, is that more wool garments will be available later in the year. You can stay tuned by signing up to the newsletter (form is on the page):